Trachemys or yellow-bellied tortoises (Trichemys srirta) are the most common among owners of domestic turtles. With the right content and the right choice of an aquarium, such a pet is able to live in captivity for almost half a century.
How to choose the right aquarium
In the process of choosing the size and type of a home aquarium, it is very important to take into account the dimensions of an already adult pet, as well as its biological features and characteristics. The rubella tortie spends most of the time under water or is located at the bottom of an artificially created reservoir.
The total volume of the home aquarium should be selected depending on the age, size and number of pets to be kept. For one turtle with a body length in the range of 12-13 cm or for a couple of young individuals with a body length of not more than 10 cm, it is quite enough to purchase a standard stoliterny aquarium. However, with the development and growth of domestic waterfowl, the capacity should be replaced in a timely manner with a larger aquarium. For example, a pair of turtles with a body length of 20-30 cm is required to allocate a two-hundred-room indoor aquarium.
Important! Remember that in too small aquariums with a small volume, the water can be contaminated quickly enough, which often becomes the main cause of many of the most common diseases of red-tortoises.
The standard distance from the top level of the poured water to the edge of the aquarium should not be less than 15-20 cm. Ruby-eared turtles belong to the category of floating reptiles, therefore, an arid land is required in the aquarium where the pet can rest and bask as necessary. As a rule, experienced owners of indoor red-eared turtles and specialists in the field of reptile maintenance recommend that about a quarter of the total area of the home aquarium be allocated for land. A prerequisite for maintenance is to equip the aquarium with a reliable, but air-tight cover.
What equipment is needed
At home maintenance, you must remember that it is strictly forbidden to install the aquarium in a room with drafts or in direct sunlight. Among other things, it is necessary to correctly determine the amount of water and the size of the land, to ensure the most comfortable temperature and water filtration, provide the pet with sufficient lighting and the mandatory presence of a certain amount of ultraviolet radiation.
Amount of water and sushi
Trachemys usually lead a sedentary and rather peculiar way of life, therefore they spend a considerable amount of time both in water and on land. It is for this reason that it is required to equip areas in shading and with bright lighting in a home aquarium. On such islands, the pet will receive a sufficient amount of oxygen, as well as enjoy ultraviolet rays.
At least one side of the island must be located in the water without fail. It is allowed to make a steep climb along a ladder or a mini-ladder, as well as to establish large-sized stone or a gentle grotto. Among other things, the land island should be fixed very reliably, due to the sufficiently large strength of the pet, which can easily overturn a poorly installed structure.
It is interesting!It should be noted that the surface of a correctly selected land island can only be made of high-quality and completely non-toxic, well-textured or sufficiently rough materials.
The home reptile should be able to move freely and seamlessly. Too close to the glass of the aquarium is often the main reason that the pet will be seriously injured or die. Among other things, the land island should be located about a quarter meter lower than the edges of the aquarium, which will not allow the animal to get out and run away on its own.
The condition of the aquarium water directly affects the health of the red-eared domestic tortoise, so it must be kept in its pure form. For this purpose, it is recommended to use special external filters for aquariums of any type. It is undesirable to use internal models of such equipment, due to their very fast clogging by suspensions and almost complete loss of efficiency.
Proper filter operation rarely allows a complete change of water. To maintain ecological balance, it is necessary to carry out weekly replacement of half of the total volume of water. Pure water before filling the aquarium should settle in room conditions, which will get rid of excess chlorine and other components harmful to the room reptile.
It is important to carefully monitor the temperature regime of the aquarium water and air. In most cases, the land temperature at the level of 27-28 ° C, as well as the water temperature in the range of 30-32 ° C, is optimal and most comfortable for the home reptile.
Important!Too high a temperature regime created by lighting devices on the islands is one of the main causes of overheating and death of aquarium turtles.
Such conditions of detention should be constant, which will preserve the health of an exotic pet for many years.
Lighting and UV
In natural conditions, red-eared turtles prefer to periodically leave the water and warm up in the coastal zone. It is for this reason that when keeping reptiles indoors, it is imperative to install artificial lighting over one of the aquarium islands. The standard distance from land to the light source should allow the lamp to warm up the air in the turtle's rest zone well to 28-31 ° С. At night, the lighting, as well as the heating of the islands, is turned off completely.
Too many novice or inexperienced owners of the Red-eared Tortoise completely ignore some of the needs of the pet, including the need to provide the reptile with sufficient UV light. Only in the conditions of proper and sufficient illumination the body of a domestic turtle is able to independently synthesize the necessary amount of vitamin D3, which allows good absorption of calcium from the feed. Very often, the result of a lack of ultraviolet radiation is rickets and the subsequent death of an exotic domestic animal.
Important!As practice shows, and experts advise, backlighting with an ultraviolet lamp should be carried out for about twelve hours during the day. You need to install a UV lamp with a distance of 30-40 cm from the ground surface, and the lighting fixture is replaced every year.
Filling and design
The basic principle when choosing a decorative design and filling a room aquarium should be safe operation. It is strictly forbidden to use objects or elements made of toxic materials or components with sharp corners and traumatic edges when decorating an aquarium. Soil for filling to the bottom should not be too small, which will prevent their swallowing by turtles. Among other things, a too small fraction of the soil is capable of becoming very contaminated very quickly and is difficult to clean. Experts recommend purchasing pebbles, whose dimensions are approximately 50 mm.
Almost all young red-eared turtles respond very positively to green aquatic vegetation and company in the form of a small number of peace-loving fish. For adults, the soil at the bottom of the aquarium is not the main element, and any small fish and vegetation can become a normal feed. When keeping adult specimens, it is recommended to give preference to artificial plants from durable modern materials that are fixed at the bottom by means of special weights.
It is interesting!To effectively decorate the home aquarium for the maintenance of the Red-eared Turtle, various natural snags without bark can be used, as well as all kinds of grottoes, original-shaped stones and other decorative elements.
Which aquariums do not fit the rubella tortoise
Comfortable conditions of detention are a guarantee of a long life and excellent health of the room reptile, therefore it is strictly forbidden to place such a waterfowl pet in small volume turtles.
With an insufficient volume of water, the red-eared turtle is susceptible to the development of various skin infectious diseases, dystrophy, and shell softening. Also, plastic islands that are not intended to be kept in water should not be used in the design. It is important to remember that the absence of a temperature and filtration regime comfortable for the turtle, as well as ultraviolet illumination, are unacceptable when the reptile is kept at home.