Samoyed dog or "Samoyed" is one of the oldest and most original dog breeds. In accordance with the existing classification of the International Cynological Federation or FCI, Samoyeds are introduced into the group "Spitz and primitive breeds" and the section of the northern sled dogs.
History of breed origin
For about three millennia, Samoyed dogs were devoted companions to northern tribes and nationalities from the Samoyed group. The first evidence of dogs of this breed dates back to the times of the ancient Samoyed language.
It is interesting! The northern peoples used, as a rule, the same type of dogs, therefore there is an assumption according to which domesticated white wolves, cramped into the southern regions by the rapid glaciation of territories, are considered as ancestors.
Indigenous Samoyeds in appearance very much resemble a polar wolf, but in the process of domestication a tangible change in the wild prototype took place. In Neolithic times, the Samoyeds were hunter-gatherers. The most likely and popular version to date is the use of such a breed in hunting. Samoyed huskies also coped with grazing different animals, including deer, and served as a vehicle in the most remote areas.
For a short time, it was believed that the Nenets tribes contained aboriginal huskies, the ancestors of modern Samoyed. Among other things, it was also believed that Samoyed huskies belong to dogs from the "show class", bred by experienced breeders. However, scientific evidence of these versions is not completely available, so these assumptions are currently irrelevant.
Unusual, with an original exterior, the breed quickly and quite confidently conquered almost the whole world. Snow-white “bears” literally fell in love not only with dog handlers and specialists, but even ordinary dog breeders. In the early years, puppies of this breed were very highly valued and were not accessible to everyone, which stimulated a sharp increase in the number of livestock.
Currently, there are only seven officially recognized standards, but for the participation in international exhibitions, the description of the breed according to the AKC is relevant, therefore puppies with English-style documents are in special demand.
Description of Samoyed huskies
The oldest Spitz-breed known to date managed to completely avoid the interference of breeders in the exterior and character traits, so modern Samoyeds owe much of their qualities only to nature.
The medium-sized and very elegant dog with a white color has an original appearance in which power and endurance are palpable, combined with natural charm and some softness. Samoyed huskies behave with dignity and quite self-confident, therefore, quite rightly often become the center of attention.
A distinctive pedigree feature is the so-called "Samoyed smile". Such a special expression of the muzzle is due to a peculiar combination of the location and shape of the eyes, as well as a slight bend upwards of the corners of the mouth.
It is interesting! Bear-type Samoyeds are characterized by a short back, a stricken physique and a large, wide head, while the wolf type is distinguished by a moderately lean physique, not too wide chest, wedge-shaped and moderately elongated head.
Among all the dogs bred by Kilbourne Scott, three main types of Samoyeds were distinguished by the shape of the head: bear-shaped, fox-shaped and wolf-shaped. In unofficial circles of dog breeders, a similar pedigree classification of Samoyeds has survived to the present.
Type of coat and color
The hair of a Samoyed husky is long and residually dense, with a pronounced thick undercoat. In accordance with the standards established to date, the coat of a dog of this breed should be plentiful and dense, supple and dense or the so-called "polar".
Samoyeds belong to the category of dogs having a double coat:
- short, very soft and fairly thick undercoat;
- Longer, tougher and more straight outer coat.
In the neck and shoulder girdle there is a “collar” that frames the head and is especially pronounced in males. The head and front surfaces of the limbs are covered with a short and even coat. On the outer side of the ears there is a short and upright, even coat, and the inner surface is fairly well pubescent. The fluffy and long hair covering the back of the thigh forms very "pants" characteristic of the breed. Between the fingers of the Samoyeds, protective coat is located, and the tail of a dog of this breed should be abundantly pubescent.
It is interesting! According to standards, bitches have a shorter and softer coat, but regardless of gender, the hair should have the correct structure and be distinguished by the presence of a special, as if sparkling, shine.
The color of the pedigree Samoyed husky should be white, cream or white with a slightly pronounced biscuit tint. When looking at a dog’s coat, there should be no impression of the presence of grayish, brown-yellow or pale brown shades.
Not shy and not aggressive in nature, very social Samoyed husky, has the following breed standards:
- a powerful, wedge-shaped head, has a slightly convex and wide skull between the ears with a clearly defined, but not too sharp stop and not too noticeable furrow between the eyes;
- a well-developed nose is predominantly black, should have a pronounced dark border;
- a strong and fairly deep muzzle, equal to the cranial part of the length, is characterized by a gradual narrowing and a straight back;
- lips with a snug fit, black in color and slightly full, with a slight but noticeable bend in the corners;
- teeth with a perfect scissor bite, strong and strong;
- dark brown staining, with a deep fit and wide-set eyes with a black stroke, should be a little slanting, almond-shaped;
- erect and rather small ears, thick, triangular and slightly rounded, should maintain a high set and good mobility;
- strong and medium in length neck, should be well developed and proudly curved;
- the case is compact and strong, but with sufficient flexibility and a well-defined withers;
- the back is medium in length, muscular, straight, with a short and very strong, well-defined lower back and a wide, strong, slightly sloping and muscular croup;
- a long chest of good width and depth, reaching almost to the elbows, with elastic ribs;
- tail with a rather high set, thrown to the back and side, or lowered at rest;
- well-spaced forelegs muscular and strong, with long strong and inclined shoulder blades, shoulders inclined and tightly adjacent to the body, strong and flexible wrists;
- paws are oval, with long arched, but not too closed fingers and elastic pads;
- hind limbs with medium length, wide and muscular hips, fairly low hock joints, short and strong metatarsus.
The movements are powerful and free, with an extended step, a sufficient reach of the front and a powerful push of the hind limbs. The ideal height of the Samoyed male at the withers is 57 (+ -3) cm, and females - 53 (+ -3) cm. Weight 25-30 kg and 17-25 kg, respectively.
The Samoyed husky breed is characterized as charming, not only due to its original appearance, but also to innate friendliness. Regardless of age, dogs of this breed are distinguished by a gentle and attentive attitude towards children, a positive attitude towards others, as well as cheerfulness and the ability to easily find a common language with their immediate environment, including other pets.
Samoyeds do not differ in hyperactivity, but, by their nature, need quite serious motor loads, as well as regular training. Positive character traits include the desire to communicate a lot with the owner, protect him and work physically.
It is important to note that the representatives of the breed are extremely difficult to tolerate frequent and prolonged loneliness. It is for this reason that Samoyeds are not suitable for those who regularly travel or spend a lot of time outside the home, at work.
Samoyeds until the very last days of their lives remain cheerful and incredibly charming, playful pets. As practice shows, the average lifespan of a Samoyed husky of the Canadian or Finnish line is 12-15 years. Dogs of this breed of Italian or English blood, as a rule, live no more than 8-10 years.
Samoyed Like Content
Samoyeds do not need to create any special conditions for the maintenance of the house. In addition, the representatives of this breed have almost no odor characteristic of dog hair.
Care and hygiene
Samoyeds have dense, snow-white, with a pronounced undercoat hair, which is distinguished by seasonal and fairly strong moult, lasting an average of two to three weeks. It is enough to comb the dog a couple of times a week with a slicker or metal comb with long and round teeth. During molting, the pet’s hair is combed daily.
Despite the ability of self-cleaning wool to self-clean, water procedures are mandatory before the exhibition, as well as when necessary. It is not recommended to bathe such a pet more often than once every two to three months.
The breed is notable for its cleanliness and accuracy, and the result of too frequent washing is the dullness of the coat, which is due to the removal of natural fat. For bathing, it is advisable to use special "whitening" shampoos, conditioners or special masks.
A healthy Samoyed has shiny eyes without the formation of lacrimal paths, therefore, in order to prevent diseases, it is allowed to clean them every ten days with a cotton swab moistened in ordinary tea leaves. Ears need regular inspection and weekly cleaning with a damp cotton pad.
From an early age, the pet should be accustomed to cutting its nails and smoothing the sharp tips with a special nail file. Among other things, it is mandatory to regularly cut the hair that grows between the pads on the legs.
Samoyed-like walks should be frequent and long. The breed is distinguished by motor activity and temperament, so during a walk such a dog needs to provide maximum movement and games. Thanks to a good undercoat and a fairly thick light coat, Samoyeds rarely suffer from overheating in the summer or severe cold in the winter.
How to feed a like
There are two types of dog feeding: dry or wet prepared foods, as well as natural products. When choosing the first option, it is very important to remember that it is best to use premium diets, which in no case should be mixed with natural food components.
Some Samoyed owners prefer feeding their pet natural foods. In this case, several mandatory rules must be taken into account:
- exclusively freshly prepared food is used;
- feed should be at room temperature;
- the pet is guaranteed constant access to clean and high-quality water;
- the portion should be eaten at a time, and the residues are usually disposed of;
- the diet is regularly supplemented with vitamin and mineral supplements;
- raw meat before giving the dog scalded with boiling water or boiled for a quarter of an hour;
- porridge is cooked on lean meat or fish broths.
Samoyed husky food is given only after returning from a walk, after about a quarter of an hour. Any sweets, including chocolate, tubular chicken bones and raw chicken eggs, as well as pasta and bakery products, pork and smoked products, potatoes and beets, river fish, spices and marinades, fatty and fried foods, should be completely excluded from the diet of a Samoyed.
Very suitable for eating Samoyed huskies:
- lean beef;
- offal in the form of lungs, scar and heart;
- broth parts;
- chicken and rabbit, turkey;
- low-fat varieties of marine fish without bones;
- rice or buckwheat porridge;
- dairy products in the form of low-fat kefir, low-fat cottage cheese, yogurt, yogurt and fermented baked milk;
- vegetables, herbs, fruits and berries in accordance with the season.
It should be noted that some types of fruits, berries, herbs and vegetables are capable of provoking allergic reactions in Samoyeds, therefore, it is necessary to introduce such products into the pet’s diet gradually.
Diseases and birth defects
If the shortcomings of the Samoyed can be represented by an irregular structure and a light skeleton, a tick-shaped bite, a barrel-shaped chest and an irregular barrel-shaped or cow set, as well as a tail in a complete ring, then disqualifying breed defects include:
- blue or multi-colored eyes;
- the presence of a snack or malnutrition;
- flat ears;
- wrong coat color;
- cowardice and too aggressive in nature.
The breed differs from nature by its enviable resistance to adverse external factors and good health. However, the most common diseases in the Samoyed include diseases such as bloating, cataracts and glaucoma, hip dysplasia and diabetes, aortic stenosis, as well as arthritis and urinary tract infections. In addition, Samoyeds are prone to congenital deafness.
It is interesting! The appearance of increased fatigue in a pet, even with slight physical exertion or lethargy, may indicate some pathologies, therefore, at the first signs of a change in health condition, you should consult your veterinarian.
Parenting and training
The main difficulty that novice dog breeders may encounter after acquiring a Samoyed husky is the proper education of a pet. Samoyeds belong to the category of pack dogs, so many experts recommend keeping several pets of this breed at once or paying due attention to the training process from a very young age. Classes with a pet can be individual or in groups consisting of:
- general course of obedience for puppies;
- general training course or "OKD";
- correction of behavior to exclude aggression;
- course driven city dogs or "UGS";
- VEGLETITUND standards or companion dog training.
From the very first days, it is very important for the owner of a Samoyed husky to independently build a competent line of cooperation with the pet and its motivation. An adult dog must be able to unquestioningly execute the “Come to Me!” Command, which will allow you to control and regulate the behavior of your pet, both on the street and at home, as well as the prohibiting “Do Not!” and "FU!".
It is interesting! Signs of improper or inadequate upbringing in a Samoyed husky are very easy to identify and consist of a growl at the owners, damage to furniture or clothes / shoes, lack of reaction to the prohibition commands.
Buy Samoyed husky
Before you start choosing a Samoyed husky puppy, you need to correctly determine the purpose of acquiring a pet. The animal, which is supposed to be used in sledding, should not have too massive a complexion, and the main requirement for such a dog is maneuverability and ease of movement.
For the purpose of exhibition shows and participation in breeding, puppies are purchased that are fully consistent with the pedigree exterior. In this case, you need to remember that the external characteristics are maximally manifested in the dog only at the age of six months.
As a simple pet and a loyal friend, the most affectionate and kind puppies from the litter, which may well have minor pedigree flaws, are most often acquired.
What to look for
Before you get a Samoyed husky puppy, you need to pay attention to the cleanliness of the room and the conditions of the animals. You need to look at the parental couple and ask the breeder of the pedigree of the dogs used in breeding, as well as make sure that there are no hereditary diseases. When choosing, you need to give preference to the most active and active puppy with a good appetite and healthy appearance.
It should be noted that purebred Samoyed puppies have a small head, medium-sized almond-shaped eyes, a relatively short and wide muzzle. The ears should be relatively small, triangular in shape, widely spaced. The coat of a healthy animal is always clean and shiny, without signs of dandruff. Particular attention should be paid to the density and density of the coat, as well as the complete absence of waviness and impermeability to rain or snow.
Males must necessarily have two fully developed testes. It is also very important to make sure that you have a veterinary passport with a mark on the vaccination performed. Before buying, you need to carefully examine the hind legs of the dog. It is strongly not recommended to purchase a puppy with a dewclaw not removed, since its presence in the future very often causes serious injuries.
Samoyed huskies price
Puppies designed for professional riding are quite expensive, including cani-cross, bikjoring, and skijoring. Such puppies are born exclusively from a working parental pair of Samoyeds who participated or take part in competitions and competitions in sledding.
In our country, there are not many such breeding dogs, and most often they are imported from abroad, which affects the cost of the offspring. As a rule, there is a preliminary record and a large queue for the acquisition of the most promising puppies.
The most expensive Samoyed puppies possess not only an excellent exterior and excellent inborn characteristics, but also have:
- RKF puppy card, which contains information about the puppy’s full name, date of birth, gender and brand number. Also, the name of the parental couple and the contacts of the breeder must be entered on the card. In a blank line, the buyer includes his own surname, as well as the address of residence. Properly designed puppy card must have a stamp or seal of the club / nursery. Subsequently, this document is subject to exchange for the RKF pedigree;
- filled in veterinary passport, in which all vaccinations should be marked in accordance with the age of the puppy, as well as the date of deworming.
A binding document is also a contract for the sale of a Samoyed husky puppy. The cost of a one and a half month old Samoyed puppy starts at $ 600-800. It should be borne in mind that in our country the number of nurseries with a good reputation engaged in pedigree breeding Samoyed huskies does not exceed five, so the price of a promising pet cannot be low.
Samoyed husky is not only a beautiful and hardy sled dog, but also a very reliable and faithful, sensitive and understanding four-legged friend. The noble and incredibly loyal to man breed will become the protector for the whole family. Samoyeds are great for children. They are not able to offend the child, and also often prove to be a reliable nanny and a very cheerful companion for all kinds of outdoor outdoor games.
There are no special problems with the home content of a Samoyed husky. According to the owners of this breed, certain difficulties are caused by the hair of the pet, which sheds very actively and quite long at room temperature. That is why it is necessary to comb out the wool of the Samoyed and wet cleaning in the room regularly. It is especially important to comb the dog daily during the annual molting period.
Many owners of non-breeding Samoyed huskies prefer to cut their pet, which can greatly facilitate care activities. As the practice of keeping Samoyed at home shows, this procedure does not negatively affect the health of the pet.
However, it is advisable to entrust the haircut to a professional groomer. Dog "hairdresser-makeup artist" to maintain cleanliness and gloss, will help to perform a hygienic haircut, represented by shortening the hair in the ears, between the fingers, as well as in the groin, which is especially true when keeping males.