Among the huge variety of dog breeds, small doggies have always been very popular. These are convenient to keep in a city apartment, they do not take up much space, they do not need large feeders and even children can walk with such babies. One of these breeds is Prague rat.
Description of the rat rat breed
Title Czech or Prague rat rat went from the Czech Republic, where the breed was already known in the 8th-9th centuries AD, during the time of the Franks King Charlemagne, who received a rat rat from the Czech Republic as a sign of reconciliation and the end of all disputes.
These dogs were the favorites of royal people, secular ladies and nobles. The second part of its name is the rat, the dog did not at all for its resemblance to gray pests, but for fighting them.
It was these kids who replaced cats in Europe, which then simply weren't there. In addition, it was said that the dogs even walked on the royal tables and tried food, thus protecting the owners from poisoning.
The rats became a part of Czech culture, symbolizing the independence of Bohemia. Her image was on the courts of Czech princes, dogs were taken with them to banquets and only very wealthy people could afford to have such a friend.
But, during the recession of political and cultural life, the popularity of the rat rat also disappeared, and he began to live on the other side of the castle gate - among the common people. The Prague rat rat of small stature is 19-23 cm at the withers. Its weight is about 2-2.5 kg, which cannot be said for size.
A dog of dense physique, frying, she has a slightly square type of body, a pear-shaped head, triangular erect ears. Between small dark eyes there is a hollow. There are four types of ratlic color (German name): brown with tan, black with tan, yellowish-red and blue-tan. On photo of rats it is clear that any color is their "face".
The coat is short and medium length, straight and dense. The breed standard was described back in 1980 and includes several more specific characteristics. Now it is used to determine the quality of manufacturers.
Features of the rat rat breed
Ratlik is, above all, a good companion. He is unobtrusive, but at the same time very mobile and energetic. He loves family members, especially children. But, he treats other people's babies wary.
If the owner is upset with something, then the pet will not look sadly at him or pester with games. His dark eyes express understanding and participation. Doggie will energetically go about his business, periodically paying attention to his beloved master. This business fuss of him will allow him to return from a depressed state.
The rat-rat easily coexists with other domestic animals as well, but only if they do not claim a dominant position. Cats respect the ratlik, who conquers them with his aristocratic nature. Although this dog has been hunting rats since ancient times, if you introduce it to a guinea pig or a rabbit in early childhood, the dog will not try it on the tooth.
Temperamental rat-dog is such in its essence, because its ancestors were used to catch brisk and fast rats, therefore dogs simply must be gambling hunters. In terms of behavior and character, ratliks are more like dogs of large breeds. They are adroit, strong, quick-witted, have a good reaction and will not hurt, which can often be found in small breeds.
They are not inclined to bark thoughtlessly and for no reason, to be afraid of something or to experience aggression. Living in apartments, these little pets are easily accustomed to the tray. In good weather, rats like to walk outside for a long time, not missing the opportunity to hunt mice or squirrels.
At the moment of detection of a small animal, the entire gloss flies from the rattle, and they all turn into a hunter. Also, rats, not noticing the difference in size, easily run up to large dogs and can even get involved in a fight.
Rat care and nutrition
Breed rat rat unpretentious, takes up little space, likes to walk. In the cold season, you should dress the dog in a warm suit, as Russian harsh winters are still too cold for them.
In general, the health of these dogs is good, the only thing that can bother them is their teeth. To prevent periodontitis and bad breath, you should brush your dog’s teeth, take him to the dentist - remove tartar.
They also have not too strong joints and bones - the metacarpals and forearms often break. Dislocation of the patella is considered a hereditary pathology. Protect your pet from bumps or falls.
Dense, hard wool should be brushed daily with a special brush and wiped with a suede cloth. Too often it’s not worth bathing, and bathing use special shampoos that are suitable for the type of coat.
Ears are cleaned with special fluids, powders. If the dog walks a little, then it is necessary to trim the claws as they grow. In addition to brushing your teeth with dog paste, you can use special feeds that prevent the formation of tartar.
You can start walking in the fresh air after the necessary vaccinations have been delivered. The dog should be socialized from an early age, so as not to be frightened at the sight of other animals in the future.
Training a rat is worth starting in childhood. If you do not have the skills, then it is best to entrust this to a professional. Despite its small size, the rattle is easy to learn teams and tricks. His mobility makes it possible to learn agility, freestyle, and offense. The latter is especially useful in everyday life, thanks to training the dog to obedient obedience.
You need to feed the rat rat 2-3 times a day. These babies have an accelerated metabolism, so errors in nutrition will quickly affect his well-being and health. He eats a little, so the food should be of high quality. Feed is divided into two types - natural food and industrial dry.
As natural food for this dog are suitable: beef, fish, poultry. To the main menu you need to add foods containing fiber - vegetables, rice, buckwheat. Sources of carbohydrates such as oatmeal, pasta are also needed. Minerals and vitamins must be added. Of course, natural food is more delicious, but you need to monitor the balance of such a diet.
Unlike natural, dry food has already been created taking into account all the requirements and needs of dogs. They provide animals with all the nutrients that will allow you to choose the right option. Depending on the size, age, activity of the personal preferences of the dog, you can choose the appropriate dry food.
Give preference to a premium class. But, despite such advantages, the pets themselves are often disappointed in such feeds due to the lack of daily diversity. Dogs can beg for tidbits from the master's table, but do not succumb to their charm - obesity rat rat will quickly lead him to a veterinary clinic.
The Czech breed club controls the breeding of rats, and in Russia there are nurseries in only a few large cities. As with other thoroughbred animals, price of czech rat Depends on the availability of documents, status of manufacturers, the reputation of the breeder.
Besides, buy a Prague rat It’s also difficult because there are only 2500 of true thoroughbred individuals left around the world. Average cost rat rat puppy - 40000-60000 rubles. The life expectancy of this breed is 12-14 years.